Analysis: U.S. Braces for Marine Scandal


Richard Moore

Original source URL:

May 28, 2006

Analysis: U.S. Braces for Marine Scandal
Filed at 1:14 a.m. ET

BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) -- The U.S. military is bracing for a major scandal over the 
alleged slaying of Iraqi civilians by Marines in Haditha -- charges so serious 
they could threaten President Bush's effort to rally support at home for an 
increasingly unpopular war.

And while the case has attracted little attention so far in Iraq, it still could
enflame hostility to the U.S. presence just as Iraq's new government is getting 
established, and complicate efforts by moderate Sunni Arab leaders to reach out 
to their community -- the bedrock of the insurgency.

U.S. lawmakers have been told the criminal investigation will be finished in 
about 30 days. But a Pentagon official said investigators believe Marines 
committed unprovoked murder in the deaths of about two dozen people at Haditha 
in November.

With a political storm brewing, the top U.S. Marine, Gen. Michael W. Hagee, is 
headed to Iraq to personally deliver the message that troops should use deadly 
force ''only when justified, proportional and, most importantly, lawful.''

Haditha is not the only case pending: On Wednesday, the military announced an 
investigation into allegations that Marines killed a civilian April 26 near 
Fallujah. The statement gave no further details except that ''several service 
members'' had been sent back to the United States ''pending the results of the 
criminal investigation.''

Last July, Iraq's ambassador to the United Nations, Samir al-Sumaidaie, accused 
the Marines of killing his 21-year-old cousin in cold blood during a search of 
his family's home in Haditha, a city of about 90,000 people along the Euphrates 
River 140 miles northwest of Baghdad.

The military ordered a criminal investigation but the results have not been 

Together, the cases present the most serious challenge to U.S. handling of the 
Iraq war since the Abu Ghraib prison scandal, which Bush cited Thursday as ''the
biggest mistake that's happened so far, at least from our country's involvement 
in Iraq.''

''What happened at Haditha appears to be outright murder,'' said Marc Garlasco 
of Human Rights Watch. ''It has the potential to blow up in the U.S. military's 

He said that ''the Haditha massacre will go down as Iraq's My Lai,'' a reference
to the Vietnam War incident in which American soldiers slaughtered up to 500 
civilians in 1968.

The Haditha case involves both the alleged killing of civilians and a purported 
cover-up of the events that unfolded Nov. 19.

That day, Lance Cpl. Miguel Terrazas, 20, of El Paso, Texas, was killed by a 
roadside bomb in Haditha, a Sunni Arab city considered among the most hostile 
areas of Iraq.

After the blast, insurgents attacked a joint U.S.-Iraqi patrol with small-arms 
fire, triggering a gunbattle that left eight insurgents and 15 Iraqi civilians 
dead, the Marines said in a statement issued the following day.

That version stood for four months until a videotape shot by an Iraqi journalism
student surfaced, obtained by Time magazine and then by Arab television 
stations. The tape showed the bodies of women and children, some in their 

Although the tape did not prove Marines were responsible, the military began an 
investigation. Residents came forward with claims that Marines entered two homes
and killed 15 people, including a 3-year-old girl and a 76-year-old man -- more 
than four hours after the roadside bombing.

It isn't clear if questions have been raised about the eight slain people that 
the Marines described as insurgents.

In March, Lt. Gen. Peter Chiarelli, the No. 2 U.S. commander in Iraq, said about
a dozen Marines were under investigation for possible war crimes in the 
incident. Three officers from the unit involved have been relieved of their 

Such incidents have reinforced the perception among many Iraqis who believe 
American troops are trigger-happy -- a characterization U.S. officers strongly 

''America in the view of many Iraqis has no credibility. We do not believe what 
they say is correct,'' said Sheik Sattar al-Aasaf, a tribal leader in Anbar 
province, which includes Haditha. ''U.S. troops are a very well-trained and when
they shoot, it isn't random but due to an order to kill Iraqis. People say they 
are the killers.''

Ayda Aasran, a deputy human rights minister, said Iraqis should be allowed to 
investigate such cases -- something the U.S. command has refused to permit.

Sunni political leaders will find it difficult to defend U.S. actions, even 
those aimed at establishing the truth, if they want to maintain their position 
as leaders of the Iraqi minority that provides most of the insurgents.

Even if criminal charges are brought in the Haditha incident, Sunni insurgents 
are likely to claim the case is simply a charade and argue that the Marines will
escape serious punishment.

Haditha, site of a major hydroelectric dam, has long been considered a tough 
case. It is among a string of Euphrates Valley towns used by insurgents and 
foreign fighters to infiltrate from Syria to reach Baghdad and the Sunni 

Many Marines have complained to journalists that they conduct repeated sweeps 
through villages to drive out the insurgents, who then reappear when the 
Americans leave. That has bred a sense of frustration among troops fighting a 
difficult war with no end in sight.

Reporters who embedded in Haditha several months before the alleged massacre 
said Marines considered the town as enemy territory, with frequent roadside 
bombings. During patrols inside the city, Marines treated inhabitants like 
terrorists, raiding their homes.

An Associated Press journalist who traveled in Haditha last June with a Marine 
unit not involved in the November killings saw a Marine urinate on the kitchen 
floor of a home and on another occasion saw insults chalked in English on the 
gate of an Arab home. The reporter asked a Marine commander about the incident 
and was told it would be investigated.

Last August, the British newspaper The Guardian reported that Haditha was under 
the control of religious extremists who enforced their own strict interpretation
of Islamic law -- including decapitations of people suspected of collaborating 
with the Americans.

''This is a war in which the distinction between killing the enemy and 
massacring civilians is not always completely obvious,'' said John Pike of ''Counterinsurgency operations are particularly prone to the
killing of people who, in retrospect, are judged to have been innocent 
civilians, but who in the heat of battle seemed to be the enemy.''

Some analysts, however, say the killings of civilians also reflect frustration 
among young troops fighting a difficult war with no end in sight. They say these
young fighters have been thrust into an alien culture for repeated tours in a 
war whose strategy many of them do not understand.

''What we're seeing more of now, and these incidents will increase monthly, is 
the end result of fuzzy, imprecise national direction combined with situational 
ethics at the highest levels of this government,'' said retired Air Force Col. 
Mike Turner, a former planner at the Joint Chiefs of Staff.


Robert H. Reid is correspondent at large for The Associated Press and has 
reported frequently from Iraq since 2003.

Associated Press writer Jacob Silberberg contributed to this report.

Copyright 2006 The Associated Press

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