aljazeera : Dividing Iraq


Richard Moore

    It seems that Bush's admin has finally found the solution:
    "Divide Iraq" and then pit the three mini states created
    against one another. It's not the first time something like
    this happened.


Review: Articles 

Best bet: Dividing Iraq 

10/15/2005 3:00:00 PM  GMT 

Applying this method in Iraq would provoke serious "ethnic"
conflicts, and eventually a civil war

In what the American President George W. Bush claims to be
another milestone on Iraq's road to democracy, Iraqi headed to
polling stations today to give a "yes" or "no" to the proposed
draft constitution, expected to further divide the country
into three min states.

It's far from what the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan has
stated: "You'll have the opportunity to exercise your
democratic right to accept or reject the draft that is
submitted to you" -"For the second time in less than a year;
the future is in your hands."

As long as the country is still occupied, the future will
never be in the hands of the Iraqi people.

There's no clarity about what the referendum means to the
Iraqis, but it is for sure not a step forward in establishing
democracy in the country as President Bush maintains- The
constitution is so vague, changes came so late and
distributing the draft copies has been so poor. But Bush does
know what the vote means- it will give him a necessary cover
for a cut-and-run exit strategy.

It seems that Bush's admin has finally found the solution:
"Divide Iraq" and then pit the three mini states created
against one another. It's not the first time something like
this happened.

Nearly two years ago, The New York Times published an
editorial carrying Leslie Gelb's by-line. He's an influential
man who presided over the Council of Foreign Affairs, a think
tank that brings together the CIA and the secretary of state.

Gelb's plan simply suggests replacing Iraq with three
mini-states: "Kurds in the north, Sunnis in the center and
Shiites in the south," so as to "put most of its money and
troops where they would do the most good quickly -- with the
Kurds and Shiites. The United States could extricate most of
its forces from the so-called Sunni Triangle, north and west
of Baghdad.... American officials could then wait for the
troublesome and domineering Sunnis, without oil or oil
revenues, to moderate their ambitions or suffer the
consequences." In other words, strip the Sunnis of the
country's wealth and thus break their determination to prevent
the U.S. from pursuing its imperialistic agenda.

Dividing Iraq has been an old Israeli dream. In 1982, Oded
Yinon, an official from the Israeli Foreign Affairs office,
wrote: "To dissolve Iraq is even more important for us than
dissolving Syria. In the short term, it's Iraqi power that
constitutes the greatest threat to Israel. The Iran-Iraq war
tore Iraq apart and provoked its downfall. All manner of
inter-Arab conflict help us and accelerate our goal of
breaking up Iraq into small, diverse pieces." Gelb's plan is
dissolving Iraq while transforming the north (Kurdish
majority) and the south (Shiite majority) into "self-governing
regions, with boundaries drawn as closely as possible along
ethnic lines."

The very same method resulted in a civil war and a bloodbath
in Yugoslavia. The country's diverse regions contained
significant minorities, and dividing it was impossible without
the forced transfer of populations.

Berlin and Washington financed and armed extremists, which
eventually brought a civil war to the country.

Same thing in Iraq, the country's three ethnic groups, the
Shiites, the Kurds and the Sunnis do not reside "each in their
own region," but are, for the most part, intermingled.

Applying this method in Iraq, according to Gelb, would provoke
serious "ethnic" conflicts, and eventually a civil war.

Standing behind his barber's chair in this northern Iraqi
town, discussing Iraq's new constitution, Mariwan Kamal Salam
says "I want Kurdistan to be separated from the Iraqi
government, because the Shiites and the Sunnis are going to
repeat what Saddam did to us".

Shiite Najaf tea shops in the traffic-clogged streets of Sunni
neighborhoods in the Iraqi capital, and Internet cafes in
Kurdish northern Iraq shows that Iraqis are split largely
along the same ethnic and religious lines as their leaders

Shiites, who form 60 percent of Iraq's population, view the
constitution as the beginning of their influence and political

While the Sunni Arabs, who make up 20 percent of Iraq's 27
million population, say constitution will permit the Kurds and
the Shiites swallow the nation's oil, split the nation
autonomous regions and punish the Sunnis for Saddam's actions.

Jonathan Morrow, an adviser to the committee that drafted the
new constitution says:

"In broad terms, it is a Kurdish-Shiite constitution that was
presented as a fait accompli to the Sunni Arabs, who were not
in the room when it was written".

"It was written around Kurdish and Shiite dinner tables of the
(U.S.-secured) Green Zone," Morrow, who works with the United
States Institute of Peace, said.  

"Apocalypse Now and the Brave New World"

List archives:

Subscribe to low-traffic list: