Robert Gates thinks he can fix the quagmire


Richard Moore

Original source URL:

US defence chief warns over Iraq

New US Defence Secretary Robert Gates has warned that failure in Iraq would be a
"calamity" that would haunt the United States for many years.

Mr Gates spoke after taking his oath of office from Vice-President Dick Cheney.

Mr Gates, who replaces Donald Rumsfeld, said Iraq was his top priority. He also 
vowed not to let Afghanistan become "a sanctuary for extremists" again.

His comments come as a US report finds attacks on US and Iraqi troops are at 
their highest level since June 2004.

The Pentagon report said attacks on US and Iraqi troops and civilians increased 
considerably in recent months to almost 1,000 a week - the highest level since 
Iraq gained sovereignty two years ago.

The report said the worst violence was in Baghdad and the western province of 
Anbar, long the focus of activity by Sunni insurgents.

The BBC's Nick Miles in Washington says its criticism of the Iraqi government's 
efforts to end sectarian violence seems to chime with President George W Bush's 
emphasis on shifting responsibility for security to the authorities in Baghdad.

For the Bush administration, this latest evidence will add to the sense of 
urgency in Washington to find a fresh strategy in Iraq, our correspondent says.

'Commitment made'

The new American defence secretary said he intended to go to Iraq soon to hear 
the "unvarnished" views of US commanders on how to improve matters.

"Failure in Iraq at this juncture would be a calamity that would haunt our 
nation, impair our credibility, and endanger Americans for decades to come."

Mr Gates warned that progress made in Afghanistan, where the US military has 
been involved for the past five years, "is at risk".

"The United States and its Nato allies have made a commitment to the Afghan 
people and we intend to keep it," he said.

"Afghanistan cannot be allowed to become a sanctuary for extremists again."

Mr Rumsfeld, the chief architect of the war in Iraq, resigned last month amid 
heavy criticism of his policy.

Mr Gates, 63, takes office amid a wide-ranging administration review of its 
approach to the war.

'Immense challenges'

Mr Bush said last week he would wait until January to announce his new strategy,
to give his new defence chief a chance to offer advice.

Speaking after the swearing-in, Mr Bush said Mr Gates was "the right man" for 
the challenges of Iraq and the wider fight against terrorism.

The BBC's Adam Brookes in Washington says the challenges facing Mr Gates are 

As well as advising the president on a new strategy for the war in Iraq, he will
have to wrestle with the enormous demands being put on the US military in terms 
of equipment and personnel, our correspondent says.

He will also have a vital political role, supporting a weakened President Bush 
in persuading Americans that the war in Iraq is still worth fighting, our 
correspondent adds.

At a confirmation hearing in the Senate earlier this month, Mr Gates said the US
was not winning the war in Iraq, and that he was open to new policy ideas.

Former Secretary of State Colin Powell has gone further, saying that 
overstretched US troops are losing the conflict.

Mr Gates served as CIA director from 1991 until 1993, during the administration 
of Mr Bush's father.

Mr Bush accepted Mr Rumsfeld's resignation after November mid-term elections in 
which the Republicans lost control of both the House of Representatives and the 

Public discontent over the conduct of the Iraq war was seen as a major factor in
the defeat.

Story from BBC NEWS:

Published: 2006/12/19 05:23:45 GMT


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