Northern Ireland: British army aided paramilitaries


Richard Moore

Delivered-To: •••@••.•••
Date: Thu, 17 Apr 2003 19:03:32 -0400
To: •••@••.•••
From: Paul Wolf <•••@••.•••>
Subject: British army used paramilitaries in Northern Ireland

  1.  [British] Army 'colluded' with loyalist killers
  2.  Security officers 'aided sectarian murders' in Ulster

    Army 'colluded' with loyalist killers
    BBC, April 17, 2003
    [linked article contains additional boxes, pull quotes,

Rogue elements within the police and army in Northern
Ireland helped loyalist paramilitaries to murder
Catholics in the late 1980s, the UK's most senior
police officer has said.

The Metropolitan Police Commissioner's report into
collusion between the security forces and loyalist
paramilitaries also found that military intelligence in
Northern Ireland helped to prolong the Troubles.

Sir John Stevens said informants and agents "were
allowed to operate without effective control and to
participate in terrorist crimes".

The latest report, called Stevens Three, found that
members of the RUC and Army colluded with the largest
loyalist paramilitary group, the Ulster Defence
Association (UDA), to murder Catholics.

Its key findings were:

  *  Actions or omissions by security forces led to
     deaths of innocent people
  *  Murders of solicitor Pat Finucane and student Adam
     Lambert could have been prevented.
  *  Collusion in both murders of Pat Finucane and Adam
  *  Government minister was compromised in House of
  *  Three official inquiries wilfully obstructed and

The report, which centres on the murder of Catholic
solicitor Pat Finucane in 1989 and Protestant student
Adam Lambert in 1987, was delivered to Northern Ireland
Chief Constable Hugh Orde on Thursday.

Sir John said: "I have uncovered enough evidence to
lead me to believe that the murders of Pat Finucane and
Brian Adam Lambert could have been prevented.

"I also believe that the RUC investigation of Pat
Finucane's murder should have resulted in the early
arrest and detection of his killers.

"I conclude there was collusion in both murders and the
circumstances surrounding them."

The overwhelming bulk of the detail has been witheld
because of potential future prosecutions.

The Director of Public Prosecutions is considering
whether criminal charges should be made against up to
20 Army and police personnel.

A statement issued by the DPP's office said: "The
contents of these files which are voluminous will be
given careful and expeditious consideration.

"However, it is not possible at this stage to say when
any decision as to prosecution will be reached."

After receiving the report, the chief constable said
Sir John in his 21 recommendations had stressed the
importance of the criminal investigation.

"He confirmed that he had today sent a large file to
the Director of Public Prosecutions to decide what to
do in terms of criminal charges and whether
prosecutions should be brought," said Mr Orde.

He said many of the police officers questioned in the
Stevens investigation had since retired.

Mr Orde said he was determined that there would be no
collusion under his command.

The Finucane family has always believed the security
forces were involved in his murder and have dismissed
the report.

His widow, Geraldine, said a full judicial inquiry was
the only way to deal with the issue.

Mr Finucane, a high-profile Catholic solicitor, was
shot dead by the UDA in front of his family at his
north Belfast home.

The report also considered comments by former
government minister Douglas Hogg, who said a month
before Mr Finucane's killing that some solicitors were
"unduly sympathetic" to the IRA.

The inquiry found that to the extent that Mr Hogg's
comments were based on information passed on by police,
they were not justifiable and the minister was

Michael Finucane, the son of Pat Finucane, has called
on the prime minister to set up an independent inquiry
into his father's murder.

"What needs to be looked is the extent to which it
reached back into the Establishment," he said.

"Those questions have not been answered in a public
fashion and until there is a tribunal of inquiry
established I don't believe they will be."

However, Adam Lambert's mother has said she does not
think there is a need for any inquiry.

Ivy Lambert said she understood others felt differently
but that her family had always supported the police and
security forces.

"They were under tremendous pressure at the time and
mistakes were made," she said.

The report also says its inquiries were obstructed by
police and army officers, and vital evidence was
concealed and destroyed.

Since 1989, Sir John Stevens has been investigating
allegations that elements within military intelligence
and the RUC's Special Branch were colluding with
loyalist assassination squads.

During the course of the latest Stevens inquiry, the
activities of the Army intelligence Force Research Unit
were investigated.

It recruited Brian Nelson as its agent at the top of
the UDA. His role was to gather information on murder

Nelson, who died last week, insisted his handlers knew
in advance that Pat Finucane was being targeted.

The Stevens Report said his murder could have been

The Stevens' investigating teams found obstruction and
even harassment from both the Army and elements of the
RUC's special branch.

Sir John said a fire at their offices in 1990 was arson
and that throughout their inquiries, they were spied on
and betrayed by police and Army colleagues.

He added that he is still determined to try to bring
Pat Finucane's killers to justice - and he is still
investigating just how far up the chain of command the
collusion might have gone.


    Security officers 'aided sectarian murders' in Ulster
    By Alan Erwin, PA News, 17 April 2003

Rogue elements in the security forces were involved in
a deadly plot with loyalist paramilitaries to carry out
a series of sectarian murders in Northern Ireland, a
devastating new report confirmed today.

Following a four-year inquiry into allegations of
widespread collusion between Special Branch, Army
officers and Protestant terrorists, Metropolitan Police
Commissioner Sir John Sevens concluded there was
damning proof of the use of agents in assassinations
and the withholding evidence.

Sir John, whose inquiries centred on the shooting of
Belfast solicitor Pat Finucane by the Ulster Defence
Association in February 1989, said that his killing and
the death of Protestant student Brian Adam Lambert in
November 1987 could have been prevented.

Launching his report at a press conference, Sir John
said his three investigations had been "wilfully
obstructed and misled".

He added: "From day one this obstruction was cultural
in its nature and widespread within parts of the Army
and RUC, the FRU, and RUC Special Branch in

He said rumours and counter -- rumours had been spread,
"deliberately designed to throw us off course".

Echoing his comments in the report, his inquiries have
been the largest investigation ever undertaken in the
UK, he said: "It should not have taken 14 years to get
to the point we are now.

"None of us are above the law and no future inquiry
should have to be conducted in the way we have had to
conduct ours."

He said it was "essential to the fight against
terrorism here and elsewhere" that his 21
recommendations were implemented in full.

Sir John said: "I will be coming back with Her
Majesty's Inspector of Constabulary next January to
audit and see they have been enacted."

Sir John's main report, handed over to PSNI Chief
Constable Hugh Orde, runs to thousands of pages.

The public report is just 20 pages long. Sir John
accepted it was short but said it was "robust".

He said the public report could not go into detail
because of the nature of ongoing investigations and
further possible criminal charges and prosecutions.

He said every single point was supported by evidence
and supported by documentation.

He said he had handed over the full report to retired
Canadian judge Peter Corry, who has been asked by the
Government to assess whether there should be a public
inquiry into the murder of Patrick Finucane.

Sinn Fein said there had to be nothing less than a full
international judicial inquiry, which they claimed was
needed to get to the heart of British military policy.

Alex Maskey, the party's Lord Mayor of Belfast said:
"This is not about rogue elements within the British
system. It is about a state policy sanctioned at the
highest level."

In his report Sir John said: "My inquiries have
highlighted collusion, the wilful failure to keep
records, the absence of accountability, the withholding
of intelligence and evidence, and the extreme of agents
being involved in murder.

"These serious acts and omissions have meant that
people have been killed or seriously injured."

Sir John also set out how his investigation -- the
third since he was first brought in to examine
collusion claims in 1989 -- have been obstructed.

He added: "I have uncovered enough evidence to lead me
to believe that the murders of Patrick Finucane and
Brian Adam Lambert could have been prevented.

"I also believe that the RUC investigation of Patrick
Finucane's murder should have resulted in the early
arrest and detection of his killers."

During the biggest investigation of its kind ever
mounted in Britain, Sir John found that members of the
Army's covert Force Research Unit and the police
Special Branch were guilty of a major lack of
accountability by failing to keep records.

"The unlawful involvement of agents in murder implies
that the security forces sanction killings," the
Stevens report said.