Directed Energy Weapons and CBW


Richard Moore

Date: Sat, 08 Oct 2005 23:51:10 +0800
To: •••@••.•••
From: Betty Daly-King <>
Subject: Arkin on Directed Energy Weapons and CBW

American prerogatives to have and use weapons of mass destruction!

By Francis A. Boyle

This book outlines how and why the United States government
initiated, sustained and then dramatically expanded an illegal
biological arms buildup. Boyle reveals how the new
billion-dollar U.S. Chemical and Biological Defense Program
has been re-oriented to accord with the neo-conservative
pre-emptive strike agenda--this time by biological and
chemical warfare.

Boyle was responsible for drafting the Biological Weapons
Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989, the American implementing
legislation for the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. He
served on the Board of Directors of Amnesty International, and
represented Bosnia- Herzegovina at the World Court. Professor
Boyle teaches international law at the University of Illinois,

William M. Arkin on National and Homeland Security
By William M. Arkin | October 6, 2005; 09:54 AM

Microwaves, Lasers, Retired Generals For Sale

Friend's tell me that this week's Association of the United
States Army (AUSA) Annual Meeting & Exposition at the
Washington Convention Center was all that an orgy of
self-congratulation can be. Contractors galore, beltway
bandits, luncheons, awards, howitzers, all topped off with a
speech by Dick Cheney.

The buzz on the floor was "directed energy" laser,
high-powered microwaves, and acoustic weapons that are getting
a boost from the prolonged fighting in Iraq. Supporters are
hoping that these new exotic technologies will help in the
battle against improvised explosive devices and in countering
snipers and hidden insurgents.

Directed energy is also the star of this week's Air Force
Futures Game 05, being held at Booz Allen Hamilton in Herndon.
The game, which posits a major war in the 2025 time frame, has
high powered microwave and laser weapons zapping the bad guys.

Highly controversial directed energy weapons have been pushed
for almost two decades as the next silver bullet. It's been
two decades because along the way, they have run into
complications, some having to do with the technology itself --
aim and controllable effects, compact power sources, military
ruggedness -- but mostly their problem has been moral
principles. Military leaders have been concerned about
legality. Commanders have been hesitant or skeptical about new
technologies with uncertain effects.

Those concerns are being brushed aside as the weapons advance
along the familiar development path of boosters and patrons
feeding information to war gamers who feed study participants
who feed researchers who feed manufactures. At the end of the
day, it is hard to tell whether high powered microwaves and
laser came into being because someone conceived it out of need
or because its existence in the laboratory created the need.

This week, for example, one of my favorite directed energy
patrons -- retired General Ron Fogleman -- received
appointments at two corporations, as a "senior advisor" to the
Galen Capital Group, LLC; and as a member of the board of
advisors of Novastar Resources.

The former chief of staff of the Air Force is a
military-industrial legend, head of his own consulting company
Durango Aerospace Inc. with a client list that includes
Boeing, FMC, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon, and RSL Electronics.

A quick check on the web shows that Fogleman also serves on
the boards of no few than 14 corporations: AAR Corp, Alliant
Techsystems, IDC, Mesa Air Group, MITRE Corporation,
Rolls-Royce North America, Thales-Raytheon Systems, First
National Bank of Durango, International Airline Service Group,
ICN Pharmaceuticals, DERCO Aerospace, EAST Inc., World Airway,
and North American Airlines. He is also Senior Vice President
of something called Projects International, a DC consultancy
and is or was a partner in Laird and Company, LLC. And he is a
member of Donald Rumsfeld's Defense Policy Board Advisory
Committee, on the NASA Advisory Council, the Jet Propulsion
Laboratory Advisory Board, chairs the Falcon Foundation and
the Airlift/Tanker Association. This guy is busy!

Fogleman gave up the job as the most powerful man in the Air
Force on principle when he could no longer serve Secretary of
Defense William Cohen. Since leaving, however, he has
dispensed so much wisdom one wonders how much principle could
be left.

One of Fogleman's first jobs upon leaving the Air Force was to
chair the 1998 Directed Energy Applications for Tactical
Airborne Combat study (known as "DE ATAC") which identified 65
concepts, particularly microwave weapons, selecting 20 for
further analysis. The laboratory then awarded short-term
concept development contracts for the five most promising to
Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Coherent Technologies, and Sanders.

All during the 1990's, money flowed into continued development
of directed energy weapons, but frankly not much happened.
Everyone talked about an E-bomb being used in Iraq in 2003,
but once again for a variety of technical and ethical reasons,
and because the real world intervened, the silver bullets
remained on laboratory benches or in the world of "black"
super-secret contracts, waiting for an opportunity. And with
the quagmire in Iraq, that opportunity came. So it just a
coincidence that Fogleman's company Alliant Techsystems was
awarded a contract earlier this year to develop the Scorpion
II high powered microwave weapon "capable of defeating …
improvised explosive devices (IEDs) currently threaatening
U.S. and allied troops in Iraq." Maybe Fogleman had nothing to
do with the directed energy work already flowing to Boeing and

The introduction of a completely new weapon -- particularly
one that could cause excruciating pain, blindness, and hearing
loss -- requires the most deliberate process, and the
unintended consequences -- humanitarian, public relations, the
possibility of the same weapon ending up in the hands of our
enemies -- needs to be carefully weighed. The United States
may indeed have within technological reach the ability to
disperse rioters with a beam and not a bullet, and it might be
able to cripple a modern society with the push of a button,
but then again, so too does the United States possess the
technology to turn Baghdad into a radiating ruin.

"Apocalypse Now and the Brave New World"

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