Chossudovsky: Beware the US military’s experiments with climatic warfare


Richard Moore
[links in original]

Weather Warfare: Beware the US military¹s experiments with climatic warfare

ŒClimatic warfare¹ has been excluded from the agenda on climate change.

By Prof. Michel Chossudovsky

Global Research, December 7, 2007
The Ecologist, December 2007

"HAARP is a weapon of mass destruction, capable of destabilising agricultural 
and ecological systems globally."

"ŒClimatic warfare¹ potentially threatens the future of humanity, but has 
casually been excluded from the reports for which the IPCC received the 2007 
Nobel Peace Prize."

Pdf version of article on Weather Warfare by Michel Chossudovsky, The Ecologist,
December 2007 (pdf)

Rarely acknowledged in the debate on global climate change, the world¹s weather 
can now be modified as part of a new generation of sophisticated electromagnetic
weapons. Both the US and Russia have developed capabilities to manipulate the 
climate for military use.

Environmental modification techniques have been applied by the US military for 
more than half a century. US mathematician John von Neumann, in liaison with the
US Department of Defense, started his research on weather modification in the 
late 1940s at the height of the Cold War and foresaw Œforms of climatic warfare 
as yet unimagined¹. During the Vietnam war, cloud-seeding techniques were used, 
starting in 1967 under Project Popeye, the objective of which was to prolong the
monsoon season and block enemy supply routes along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

The US military has developed advanced capabilities that enable it selectively 
to alter weather patterns. The technology, which is being perfected under the 
High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), is an appendage of the 
Strategic Defense Initiative ­ ŒStar Wars¹. From a military standpoint, HAARP is
a weapon of mass destruction, operating from the outer atmosphere and capable of
destabilising agricultural and ecological systems around the world.

Weather-modification, according to the US Air Force document AF 2025 Final 
Report, Œoffers the war fighter a wide range of possible options to defeat or 
coerce an adversary¹, capabilities, it says, extend to the triggering of floods,
hurricanes, droughts and earthquakes: ŒWeather modification will become a part 
of domestic and international security and could be done unilaterallyŠ It could 
have offensive and defensive applications and even be used for deterrence 
purposes. The ability to generate precipitation, fog and storms on earth or to 
modify space weatherŠ and the production of artificial weather all are a part of
an integrated set of [military] technologies.¹

In 1977, an international Convention was ratified by the UN General Assembly 
which banned Œmilitary or other hostile use of environmental modification 
techniques having widespread, long-lasting or severe effects.¹ It defined 
Œenvironmental modification techniques¹ as Œany technique for changing ­through 
the deliberate manipulation of natural processes ­ the dynamics, composition or 
structure of the earth, including its biota, lithosphere, hydrosphere and 
atmosphere, or of outer space.¹

While the substance of the 1977 Convention was reasserted in the UN Framework 
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) signed at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, 
debate on weather modification for military use has become a scientific taboo.

Military analysts are mute on the subject. Meteorologists are not investigating 
the matter and environmentalists are focused on greenhouse gas emissions under 
the Kyoto Protocol. Neither is the possibility of climatic or environmental 
manipulations as part of a military and intelligence agenda, while tacitly 
acknowledged, part of the broader debate on climate change under UN auspices.

The HAARP Programme

Established in 1992, HAARP, based in Gokona, Alaska, is an array of high-powered
antennas that transmit, through high-frequency radio waves, massive amounts of 
energy into the ionosphere (the upper layer of the atmosphere). Their 
construction was funded by the US Air Force, the US Navy and the Defense 
Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Operated jointly by the Air Force 
Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research, HAARP constitutes a system
of powerful antennas capable of creating Œcontrolled local modifications of the 
ionosphere¹. According to its official website, , HAARP 
will be used Œto induce a small, localized change in ionospheric temperature so 
physical reactions can be studied by other instruments located either at or 
close to the HAARP site¹.

[images in original]

HAARP Program, Alaska
HAARP array of antennas

But Rosalie Bertell, president of the International Institute of Concern for 
Public Health, says HAARP operates as Œa gigantic heater that can cause major 
disruptions in the ionosphere, creating not just holes, but long incisions in 
the protective layer that keeps deadly radiation from bombarding the planet¹.

Physicist Dr Bernard Eastlund called it Œthe largest ionospheric heater ever 
built¹. HAARP is presented by the US Air Force as a research programme, but 
military documents confirm its main objective is to Œinduce ionospheric 
modifications¹ with a view to altering weather patterns and disrupting 
communications and radar.

According to a report by the Russian State Duma: ŒThe US plans to carry out 
large-scale experiments under the HAARP programme [and] create weapons capable 
of breaking radio communication lines and equipment installed on spaceships and 
rockets, provoke serious accidents in electricity networks and in oil and gas 
pipelines, and have a negative impact on the mental health of entire regions.¹*

An analysis of statements emanating from the US Air Force points to the 
unthinkable: the covert manipulation of weather patterns, communications and 
electric power systems as a weapon of global warfare, enabling the US to disrupt
and dominate entire regions. Weather manipulation is the pre-emptive weapon par 
excellence. It can be directed against enemy countries or Œfriendly nations¹ 
without their knowledge, used to destabilise economies, ecosystems and 
agriculture. It can also trigger havoc in financial and commodity markets. The 
disruption in agriculture creates a greater dependency on food aid and imported 
grain staples from the US and other Western countries.

HAARP was developed as part of an Anglo-American partnership between Raytheon 
Corporation, which owns the HAARP patents, the US Air Force and British 
Aerospace Systems (BAES).

The HAARP project is one among several collaborative ventures in advanced 
weapons systems between the two defence giants. The HAARP project was initiated 
in 1992 by Advanced Power Technologies, Inc. (APTI), a subsidiary of Atlantic 
Richfield Corporation (ARCO). APTI (including the HAARP patents) was sold by 
ARCO to E-Systems Inc, in 1994. E-Systems, on contract to the CIA and US 
Department of Defense, outfitted the ŒDoomsday Plan¹, which Œallows the 
President to manage a nuclear war¹.Subsequently acquired by Raytheon 
Corporation, it is among the largest intelligence contractors in the World. BAES
was involved in the development of the advanced stage of the HAARP antenna array
under a 2004 contract with the Office of Naval Research.

The installation of 132 high frequency transmitters was entrusted by BAES to its
US subsidiary, BAE Systems Inc. The project, according to a July report in 
Defense News, was undertaken by BAES¹s Electronic Warfare division. In September
it received DARPA¹s top award for technical achievement for the design, 
construction and activation of the HAARP array of antennas.

The HAARP system is fully operational and in many regards dwarfs existing 
conventional and strategic weapons systems. While there is no firm evidence of 
its use for military purposes, Air Force documents suggest HAARP is an integral 
part of the militarisation of space. One would expect the antennas already to 
have been subjected to routine testing.

Under the UNFCCC, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has a 
mandate Œto assess scientific, technical and socioeconomic information relevant 
for the understanding of climate change¹. This mandate includes environmental 
warfare. ŒGeo-engineering¹ is acknowledged, but the underlying military 
applications are neither the object of policy analysis or scientific research in
the thousands of pages of IPCC reports and supporting documents, based on the 
expertise and input of some 2,500 scientists, policymakers and 
environmentalists. ŒClimatic warfare¹ potentially threatens the future of 
humanity, but has casually been excluded from the reports for which the IPCC 
received the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

Archive of Global Research articles on Weather Warfare

Michel Chossudovsky is the author of the international bestseller America¹s "War
on Terrorism"  Global Research, 2005. He is Professor of Economics at the 
University of Ottawa and Director of the Center for Research on Globalization.

To order Chossudovsky's book  America's "War on Terrorism", click here

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of 
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