Bush family : A Government of Thieves : Part I


Richard Moore


A Government of Thieves

Part One - the Scandal of the Bushes

The Bush family - a cascade of fortunes and political
careers founded on arms profiteering, continued on
Nazi-derived earnings, advanced by Saudi oil & Bin Laden
connections, sustained by business fraud and now
benefiting from a war they themselves started. Should a
leader be blamed for the sins of his ancestors? No, if
that is the simple question, but yes, if he shows no
contrition, continues to profit from them and goes on to
do more of the same. Is George Walker Bush fit to be
President, and are the group around him fit to govern?

You be the judge.

The Founders

1. Samuel Prescott Bush (1863 -1948)

Samuel Bush

Early Days

The founder of the modern Bush dynasty was Samuel Prescott
Bush ,an Ohio steel executive, whose Buckeye Steel
Castings Co. business projects included making parts for
the Harriman railway empire. Before becoming President of
Buckeye (1905-1927), Samuel Bush held a railroad position
in Pennsylvania. He was the son of the Rev. James Smith
Bush and Harriet Fay. Samuel graduated from the Stevens
Institute of Technology in 1884, and ten years later
married Flora Sheldon , with whom he had four surviving
children, Prescott, Mary, Margaret and James. Of these his
son Prescott Sheldon Bush was to be his father's dynastic
successor. Samuel's money was not to give him immunity
from personal tragedy however, for his wife Flora was to
be killed when struck by a car in 1920. Samuel later
remarried Martha Bell Carter of Milwaukee.

For many years Samuel was a leading member of the National
Association of Manufacturers, and for a time was President
of the Ohio Manufacturer's Association. Later he was to be
an advisor to the disastrous Depression-era President
Herbert Hoover on business and unemployment issues. He
began the Bush family's abiding interest in golf,
baseball, tennis and football. His old company Buckeye
Steel endured for many years, but under new ownership
filed for bankruptcy reorganization in Dec. 2002.

After the US entered World War I in April 1917, Samuel
Bush obtained a position as head of the War Industries
Board's Ordnance, Small Arms and Ammunition Section . This
is surprising, considering he had no background in
armaments. There was a hidden logic. As an apparent
'cleanskin' suitable for a sensitive official position,
Bush already had powerful patrons eager to put his name
forward. We can note for example Frank and Percy
Rockefeller , whose famous family had moved to gain
control of the Remington Arms Company in 1914. (Frank
Rockefeller, a brother of clan head John D. Rockefeller,
was the previous President of Buckeye Steel).

Then there was a certain George Sheldon, a director of the
huge Bethlehem Steel Corp., which like Remington benefited
enormously from World War I. George Sheldon was also a
vice-president of the Navy League, which was subsidised by
steel & arms makers to agitate for a massive naval
expansion advantageous to them.

Finally, the War Industries Board was itself headed by
Bernard M. Baruch , a Wall St. speculator who had close
personal and business ties to E.H. Harriman, father of the
closest friend of Bush's son Prescott at Yale. Sometimes
the associations of their children can bring advancement
to parents just as readily as the reverse. In Samuel
Bush's later years he was to remain closely associated
with the high-flying Baruch. In the America of the day,
big money stuck together closer than clotted cream.

So the link between the Bushes, war, patriotism and
profits was now firmly established through an informal
network of influence. It has continued ever since.

The Merchants of Death

The period following the Civil War in the US and the
Franco-Prussian War in Europe opened both a great general
industrial expansion and the largest explosion of arms
manufacturing ever known until the modern era. It was a
time of huge fortunes being built by ruthless
industrialists and bankers. These gentlemen, later styled
the "robber barons" by historians, look little better than
gangsters in retrospect. However many of them founded
family dynasties whose descendants were to become not only
rich but also eminently respectable. In some cases, like
that of the Carnegies and the Rockefellers, much of their
fortunes were later to be used worldwide for considerable
good. In other cases, like the Bush family, the further
accumulation of money and power remained the primary goal.

The most evil aspect of the unregulated free-for-all that
characterised the 1865 -1914 period of rapid industrial
expansion was the development of an arms trade which did
not just sell weapons but actively promoted war tensions
and conflict to do so. The "trick of the trade" then for
the arms manufacturers was to manufacture not just
munitions but also regular "threats" and war scares. The
idea was to keep populations supportive of greater
expenditures on arms, and to prevent effective political
challenge to those who advocated spending ever more taxes
on weapons.

Fear was in fact the greatest weapon the arms dealers
peddled. And they had no compunction about firing it from
the shortest range possible. An example of their cynicism
in action was shown as early as 1879, when the Remington
Arms Co. was selling ammunition to both Russia and Turkey
when they were at war with each other. Closer to home,
they sold rifles to Cuban revolutionaries and at the same
time ammunition to the Spanish Govt. fighting them.

Remington later topped this when Colombia and Venezuela
were at war, but both states were also facing civil
insurrections. There Remington achieved a quadruple sales
bonanza by having all four parties firing at each other
with Remington rifles loaded with Remington UMC bullets.

In Bullets we Trust

Beginning in 1894 an international arms cartel was formed,
enabling leading arms manufacturers to jointly exploit
markets worldwide without the annoyance of risking
undercutting each other's profits. Disguised under the
innocuous title of the Harvey United Steel Co., the
"Harvey Syndicate" brought together many leading arms
majors. The largest of these were UK firms Vickers Ltd. &
Armstrong-Whitworth; from Germany Krupps and Dillingen,
France's huge Schneider Co., Italy's Terni and from the
USA Bethlehem Steel. Some of the companies had numerous
national subsidiaries or associated businesses with
interlocking directorships, and behind them stood big
bankers such as John Pierpont Morgan. The companies sold
in all markets to friend or potential foe, without
reservation. Yet within their home countries each put
their efforts forward as the essence of patriotism.

Arms panics in 1889 & 1892-3 created by agents of the
weapons manufacturers resulted in huge surges of military
spending in Britain and France, kicking off a
corresponding rise in Germany. This tactic was regularly
and successfully repeated, often by the deliberate
spreading of false or misleading information about what
potential or actual enemies were doing. Weapons agents
sallied back and forth between national leaders and
governments, intentionally provoking them in turn. The
resulting arms race made Europe a "powderkeg" ready for
the fatal conflagration that occurred in 1914, the most
disastrous and bloody war in all human history.

The League of Rascals

This period saw the first real establishment of the
"military-industrial complex" President Dwight D.
Eisenhower was later to warn against. In his 1961 farewell
address to the American people, perhaps after reflecting
sombrely on what was casually revealed during his many
golf matches with Samuel Bush's son Prescott, Eisenhower
cautioned: " we must guard against the acquisition of
unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the
military-industrial complex. The potential for the
disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will
persist. We must never let the weight of this combination
endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should
take nothing for granted."

What he meant was a network of arms makers, politicians,
military officers, bankers, media owners and compliant
journalists who together could distort the whole policy of
a nation for their own selfish advantage. Of course the
USA was not unique in such corruption - in "Mother
England" things were equally as bad in the run-up to the
Great War.

In Britain, after arms manufacturers successfully fooled
the public with the "big Navy Scare " of 1909, rampant
behind- the-scenes corruption burst into the public view
for the first time when Vickers Ltd. was caught out
bribing Rear Admiral Fujii of the Imperial Japanese Navy,
to place an order with their company for the construction
of warships. Visiting Canadian Government ministers Sir
Frederick Borden and Louis Brodeur were also shocked by a
Vickers official who told them "the Empire is going to the
dogs for lack of a war and, worst of all, there is not
even one small war in prospect". Vickers's roving
salesman, the sinister Sir Basil Zaharoff, received
extraordinary "expenses" and "special commissions",
enabling him to bribe foreign officials with considerable

An analysis in 19l1 by a financial paper found 13 members
of Parliament, 43 military/naval officers and 17 newspaper
owners and journalists on the boards of directors of three
leading arms makers. The highly respected retired Civil
Service and Treasury head, Lord Welby of Allington, was so
angered by all this that he declared "We are in the hands
of an organisation of crooks. They are the politicians,
generals, manufacturers of armaments and journalists. All
of them are anxious for unlimited expenditure and go on
inventing scares to terrify the public...".

The situation he spoke of bears an uncanny resemblance to
the present Washington government of George W. Bush, where
both politicians and military personnel move freely back
and forth from public employ to highly paid positions with
defence contractors, under the cover of enthusiastic media
endorsements, all with the inevitable -and to them welcome
-consequences** ( see Part Two ).

In 1913 the great arms cartel fell apart, and the arms
makers began competing open slather with each other.
Within a year Europe was at war.

The "Great War" - gas masks, trench slaughter , misery and
- money for jam

World War I was enormously beneficial for the rich of
America. Twenty-one thousand new millionaires were
created. Du Pont stock became fifty times more valuable,
and the banker J.P. Morgan became rich beyond his wildest
imaginings. In 1917 Bethlehem Steel paid a dividend of an
astounding 200% of its stock (share) value.

Selling munitions to Europe was a major part of this
earnings boom. Under war conditions the opportunities to
engage in profiteering were far greater than usual, and
were eagerly seized upon. European munitions purchases
from the USA rose from $40 million in 1914 to $2,340
million in 1918, for a war total of over four billion
dollars (worth many times more in today's values). US
entry into the war in April 1917 also created a home-grown
bonanza for the arms makers.

In his new official position Samuel Bush helped organise
munitions for the US Government's war effort, and
channeled Government assistance to needy weapon makers
(though why they needed it was a profound mystery to
outsiders). Although only a relative 'small fry' in
business himself, he was now perfectly placed to give the
nod to particularly profitable contracts for others and
receive "kickbacks" in return, from transactions that were
handily shrouded in wartime secrecy. And sure enough, fat
war contracts now flowed to Buckeye Steel. It was Samuel
Prescott Bush, then, who began the long tradition of the"
patriotic" Bushes, the proud American family who just
happen to be always making money from war.

The aftermath

After World War I there were enquiries into the huge and
senseless slaughter during that monstrous conflict, and
into those who benefited by it. In one such, people such
as Samuel Bush were labeled Merchants of Death when it
became clear both that large armaments companies had
deliberately fostered an arms race to stimulate their
business and that some officials had conspired to assist
their wholesale profiteering.

Strangely, most (but fortunately not all) of the detailed
US records of the Samuel Bush wartime transactions later
disappeared from the relevant Archives and have never been
recovered. This pattern was not to be unique. The present
President has busily censored damaging reports, tried to
block enquiries, and sealed off many records from public
scrutiny, some permanently. Wherever the Bushes have been,
"cleaners" seem to follow them.

In 1944 Samuel Bush's Buckeye Steel was to be awarded a
huge government arms contract, to make armor casings for
shells. For a second time this Bush was to profit from"
fighting the Germans", this time a Nazi state that his own
son had been instrumental in founding and nourishing.

The revulsion that followed World War I led to attempts to
regulate the arms trade, and prevent arms dealers from
ever again entering into corrupt alliances with
politicians and military personnel. Today, however, under
the Presidency of George W. Bush the appalling situation
that existed prior to W.W.I now prevails again in America.
A Government of "war from business and business from war"
now controls the world's only superpower. And once more
the Bush family thrives as others suffer and die. Let's
continue the full story with the next generation of the
Bush family.

Prescott Bush

Prescott Soldiers On

*By the time Prescott Bush was a teenager, the Bushes were
sufficiently established to be regarded as part of the
aspirational elite who were shaping the new, booming
economy of the United States in the early twentieth
century. Although regarded by some as still a "minor
league" family in the New England aristocracy of wealth
and power, their children were now able to attend the
"right" schools and universities, and be in a position to
advance further should the opportunities arise.

Prescott Bush attended Yale University. There the tall (6
ft 4 in), athletic and handsome young man formed an
advantageous close friendship with E. Roland "Bunny"
Harriman, younger son of the immensely wealthy Harriman
family. "Bunny's" father, railroad baron & stock broker
E.H.Harriman was denounced by President Theodore Roosevelt
as an "undesirable citizen" guilty of "deep-seated
corruption" for issuing tens of millions of dollars of
fraudulent railroad stock; but Harriman had managed to
keep the cash and become one of America's richest men.

As a close chum of "Bunny" Harriman, Prescott was "tapped"
(recruited) with him for the infamous Skull and Bones
Society ,whose many wealthy and well-placed "Patriarch"
graduates were to assist him throughout his rise in life.

Skull and Bones

The Tomb, New Haven

At a number of private US colleges there are "secret
societies" where the children of the rich form hidden and
often snobbish cliques, to establish lifelong networks of
advantage. Some of these groups practise bizarre
initiations, regular group bonding ceremonies with weird
mumbo-jumbo rituals, and the usual extreme horseplay of
overprivileged adolescents with time on their hands. Of
all these the most powerful and secretive is the Skull and
Bones Society of Yale.

Founded by the scion of an opium trader, Skull and Bones
is notorious for its focus on death rituals and perverse
sexual interrogation. The group houses a collection of
stolen skulls and other macabre objects - reputedly
including Hitler's silverware - in its windowless
headquarters in New Haven, Connecticut, a building known
to members as the Tomb. Outsiders are never permitted
entry, and those attempting to investigate Skull and Bones
may be discouraged by subtle or less than subtle means.

The Skull and Bones society is immensely wealthy. For
example it possess its own private island (Deer Island)
with an exclusive "retreat", and owns much property at
Yale. Members include many leading corporate and financial
figures, senior lawyers and justices, some ranking FBI and
CIA personnel (the CIA has been a haven of Bonesmen), and
politicians. Both President's Bush are "Patriarchs"
(graduate members) of Skull and Bones, many of whose
alumni have assisted and protected their family's rise
from the days of Prescott Bush at Yale. "Bonesmen", as
with similar networks, are sworn to assist each other
wherever possible in life. However in the real world they
sometimes become enemies or even political rivals.

The Geronimo Incident

*Prescott Bush graduated BA from Yale in 1917. He had
enlisted in the Connecticut National Guard in 1916 and
then attended US Army Officer training. Now he joined the
army as a captain of field artillery, and in 1918 was
posted to Fort Sill, Oklahoma. There, with fellow Skull
and Bones members Neil Mallon, Ellery James and four other
novice captain accomplices, he led a grave-robbing
incident involving the remains of the famous Chiricahua
Apache chief Geronimo ,who had been buried at Fort Sill in

Geronimo's skull, elbow bone and some belongings were
taken to the Tomb (Skull & Bones HQ) in New Haven, and are
evidently still there, on display in a glass cage. Despite
Apache grievance, law enforcement officers have never
entered the Tomb to reclaim them, so powerful is the Skull
and Bones in the legal and judicial worlds (most members
in any case regard it as their duty to deceive outsiders
to protect their secrets).

Postscript: An attempt to negotiate a settlement to this
shameful issue with Jonathan Bush, President George H. W.
Bush's brother, in NYC in 1986 ended without agreement,
and the Skull and Bones Society lawyer Endicott P. Davison
then blandly denied all, despite the existence of
substantial physical evidence supplied by a "Bonesman"
with a conscience. In the Bush world, truth is what you
can get away with.

With Prescott gone off to play soldier boy, his chum E.
Roland "Bunny" Harriman hurriedly married a Miss Gladys
Fries. It's interesting to note that although he and
Prescott were frequently in each other's company
throughout their lives thereafter, neither attended the
other's wedding. The newlyweds then departed for
Washington, for Roland in a singular coincidence had
secured a position in the War Department in connection
with ordnance, the same current area of concern as that of
Prescott's father Samuel Bush.

Don't Mention the War

*Later in 1918 Captain Prescott Bush was sent to the
European War, by now running towards its last bloody days.
He was attached to the 158th Field Artillery Brigade in
France, and later to the occupation forces in Germany.
When evidently bored from a lack of wartime "action", Bush
amused himself & he thought his readers by writing a
humorous letter in which he claimed to have been awarded
the Victoria Cross, the Legion of Honor, and the
Distinguished Service Cross, under circumstances that were
clearly preposterous.

However in the fevered war atmosphere of the time the
letter was taken seriously, & published in a newspaper as
factual. This led to a scandal as a result of which Bush
was unable to remain in his hometown of Columbus Ohio when
he returned there in mid 1919. The "phony war hero" label,
though unjustified, was a permanent humiliation
thereafter. However there is no evidence to support the
view that bitterness over this incident pushed Bush
towards Nazi sympathies.

Seeking Employment

*Now at a loose end, Bush attended the 1919 reunion of his
Yale class, where fellow Skull & Bonesman Wallace Simmons
offered him a job in his St. Louis, Missouri, railroad
equipment company. Bush accepted, and moved to St. Louis,
where his" fortunate connections" were soon to offer him
further and better opportunities.

In 1919 wealthy Missouri corporate wheeler- dealer George
Herbert Walker obliged the Harriman family patriarch by
forming the W.A. Harriman & Co. private bank for the
Harriman sons to have something to do. Walker, who took
the posts of bank president and chief executive, was a
"colourful" character, a former champion boxer whose
hobbies were described as "golf, hunting, drinking scotch
and beating his (four) sons to a pulp." However he was
more polite towards the far richer Harrimans, whose elder
son W. Averell Harriman was made chairman of the bank, and
joint owner with his younger brother, Prescott's friend "

At this time Prescott Bush met George Herbert Walker's
daughter Dorothy, wooed her, & married her in 1921. They
were to have four sons - George, Prescott Jr., Jonathan
and William - and a daughter Nancy. With little success
from his own business efforts, Bush was tapped by his old
Yale chum "Bunny" to work firstly for the
Harriman-controlled U.S. Rubber Co. in 1924, & then in
1926 directly for the W. A. Harriman bank itself.

In 1931 the Harriman bank was to merge with the
British-American firm Brown Bros. and Co. to form Brown
Brothers Harriman , with E.Roland Harriman as
vice-president and Prescott Bush now a full partner.
"Bert" Walker retired from the bank to his own G.H Walker
& Co. Prescott Bush, who had gradually come to run the
day-to-day operations of WA Harriman & Co., now became a
managing partner of the merged entity. BBH was to be
eventually the most important private banking house in
America. Prescott Bush had reached the zone of serious

W (William) Averell Harriman, as a young man

W.Averell Harriman was the elder of the two heirs of
railroad baron and stock market manipulator E H Harriman.
The Harriman brothers were handsome, influential and
immensely rich. Averell Harriman later formed an
association with the Democratic Party, becoming at various
times Governor of New York State, Ambassador to Moscow and
Special Presidential Envoy. His brother remained a
registered Republican. It is believed that embarrassment
over Harriman's Democratic Party connections (resented by
many in the party) is the reason the US Democratic Party
has refused to raise the Bush-Harriman Nazi connections as
an election issue, despite ample evidence.

Averell Harriman (centre), Special Presidential Envoy,
with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet
dictator Josef Stalin, Moscow Conference, August 1942

The First Sniff of Oil

*As a result, Prescott also sat on several corporate
boards alongside "Bunny" Harriman, including (1929 -1952)
Dresser Industries .Dresser was an oil equipment company,
on whose board the pair installed Yale classmate Henry
Neil Mallon as chairman. Mallon was a fellow Skull and
Bonesman and one of the Geronimo grave-robbers. In 1948
Mallon was in turn to hire Prescott's son George Herbert
Walker Bush, later the first President Bush, to work at
Dresser. (George H.W. Bush later named one of his own
sons, Neil Mallon Bush). In September 1998, Dresser merged
with Halliburton , a company much in the news recently.

The Bushes, the Walkers, the Harrimans and their
connections remained close socially as well as in
business. If we dip into the New York Times social pages
of December 12 1941 for example we see the annual "Gay
Thirties Dinner Dance" for charity being held on the
Starlight Roof of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. At this
event, apparently named after the average age of its
subscribers, we find that the rollcall includes E.Roland
"Bunny" Harriman present as President of the Boys' Club of
New York, and the Prescott Bushes as guests at his table.

Another glance at the NYT shows a wedding on November 11
1950 uniting a Miss Marie Abbie Walker, daughter of Mr. &
Mrs. Charles Herbert Walker, with a John Malcolm Lilley,
late of Yale. One of the bridesmaids is a Joan Harriman.
The bridegroom, it transpires, is an employee of the
Rockefeller-owned Standard Oil Co. and the grandson of a
Samuel Bush.

The German Ships

*Meanwhile in 1920 the Harrimans had initiated their
"German connection", relaunching Germany's Hamburg-Amerika
Line , whose steamships the Harrimans had somehow acquired
after the ships were confiscated by the US at the end of
WWI. They now took a half share in the line, & until 1940
had complete control of the US end.

At the other end was to be Baron Rudolph von Schroeder,
vice president and director of the Hamburg-Amerika Line,
treasurer of the support organization for the Nazi Party's
private armies and a gentleman who sent his grandson Baron
Johann Rudolph for a tour of Prescott Bush's Brown
Brothers Harriman offices in New York City in December
1932, shortly before Hitler took power in Germany.

When the elected German government tried (unsuccessfully)
to make the Nazi Party private armies disband in 1932, the
Hamburg-Amerika Line distributed propaganda attacks
against it for doing so. After the Nazi takeover,
Hamburg-Amerika was henceforth to provide free passage to
individuals going abroad for Nazi propaganda and spying
purposes, to subsidise pro-Nazi newspapers in the USA, and
in general act as a conduit for the Nazi cause.

Bush, Soviet Russia, the Thyssens and the Nazi Connection

*But shipping was just the beginning. WA Harriman & Co.
linked with the Hamburg-based Warburg bank to make
widespread investments in the new German Republic in the
1920s. Germany was then democratic, but from Berlin they
also made huge secretive oil & mining deals with Soviet
Russia through commissar Leon Trotsky and KGB founder
Felix Dzerzhinsky, helping advance the Soviet state so
detested out loud at the time by the Republican Party.

The start of the Great Depression saw heavy financial
losses by both Bush and the Harrimans. Indeed Prescott
Bush was soon in deep water as a partner. The German
Government's moratorium on debt repayments put his own
business accounts heavily into the red. The Harrimans had
deep pockets though, & magnanimously compensated their
protégé Prescott for his shortfalls. In the nature of
bankers this was not a straightforward gift however, and
relied on new income for the company to resolve the money
owed, although Bush was also paid a generous salary to
live on in the meantime.

Losses were not the name of the game for long, however.
Despite the ruinous Depression there was still money to be
made out there, and in Germany soon a whole new political
order to make it from. Germany had given the Harrimans and
Bush a problem, and Germany could resolve it. The
opportunity was made the most of.

While in Berlin in 1922 W. Averell Harriman had become
acquainted with leading German industrialist and steel
magnate Fritz Thyssen , and agreed to set up a bank for
Thyssen in New York. As a result the Union Banking
Corporation (UBC) was established in August 1924 in the
Manhattan offices of WA Harriman & Co., with George
Herbert Walker as president.

Thyssen with Hitler

The UBC was no ordinary bank. It was a front in the US for
Thyssen, who bankrolled & boosted Adolf Hitler from his
early days of the beer hall "putsch" of 1923 onwards, and
without whose money and support Hitler could not have come
to power. Moreover the Thyssen industrial group became
leading builders of the German war machine. In the end
(late 1938) Thyssen, a Catholic, rejected Hitler and
resigned his State positions after Hitler's murderous
intentions towards the Jewish race (and any opposition)
became crystal clear. Thyssen fled Germany in 1939. He was
eventually arrested in France by the Vichy regime,
intending to flee to South America but having failed to
leave soon enough during the rapid fall of France, and was
sent back to imprisonment in Germany. However his
confiscated companies remained in Nazi hands and their
Harriman-Bush connection continued as before.

Prescott Bush, his pal "Bunny" Harriman and six others
were directors of the UBC from 1934 to 1943, wholly within
the Nazi era. Moreover it was Prescott who ran the
business day-to-day. Prescott and W. Averell Harriman were
also the sole directors of the Harriman Fifteen
Corporation, which occupied the prestigious address of 1
Wall Street New York (Prescott's father-in-law George
Herbert Walker was the company president). Much of
Harriman Fifteen's investments were in the Silesian
Holding Company, which owned mining operations in Poland.
In the Nazi era, Silesian was to boost its profits using
slave labor from the death camps.

On 4 January 1933, in the midst of a political crisis and
struggle for the Chancellorship in Germany, Nazi Party
leader Adolf Hitler and his crony Rudolf Hess met the
influential politician Franz von Papen, a former
Chancellor, at the office of merchant banker Kurt von
Schroeder, in Cologne. Schroeder, some of whose other
family connections are mentioned above, was amongst other
things a co-director of theThyssen-Huautte foundry. The
other co-director was Johann Groeninger, who also happened
to be on the board of the Union Banking Corporation with
Prescott Bush.

At this time the Nazi's funding was exhausted from
fighting two general elections in seven months. As well,
in the second of those elections the Nazi share of
representatives elected to the Reichstag had fallen
significantly (from 230 to 196). Yet Hitler emerged from
this meeting with two trump cards. First, an understanding
with von Papen that was to lead to Hitler assuming the
Chancellorship on January 30. As a result, a murderous
demagogue was soon able to seize dictatorial power, with
appalling future consequences for humanity. Secondly, the
Nazis received substantial funding to revitalise their
party, from a source unknown.

Indeed no one since has ever been able to identify the
source of this particular critical payment. For like many
other trails of our investigation, any relevant paperwork
has conveniently vanished. Given the von Schroeder
connection however, there is an obvious candidate.

Fritz Thyssen

In his book "I Paid Hitler", published in several Allied
countries in 1941 after his imprisonment by the Nazis he
had now broken with, Thyssen confessed "For ten years
before he came to power I supported Hitler and his party.
I myself was a National Socialist (Nazi)". Much of the
book is in fact a rather transparent attempt by Thyssen to
distance himself from "Der Fuhrer" in retrospect, and
downplay his own role while "dishing dirt" on other
prominent figures of the era. However Thyssen did support
Hitler financially from 1923, and in the critical 1930-33
period donated possibly over three million German marks to
the Nazis (the amount is disputed & he admits only to a
million, but there are no doubts the figure was
substantial ). In return Thyssen gained control of the
German steel industry and was given high-sounding
positions in the Nazi regime .His American operations were
managed during the Nazi era by Prescott Bush, until seized
by the US government in late 1942. After WWII Thyssen
regained control of his companies, less a 15% "fine", but
died in 1951 while visiting his daughter in Argentina.

If the Harrimans & Prescott Bush were not directly
involved in promoting Hitler to power they were certainly
remarkably quick to take advantage of the new situation.
For in May 1933 negotiations were concluded in Berlin
between Hjalmar Schacht, Hitler's new economics minister,
and a US international attorney (John Foster Dulles) to
coordinate Nazi-American trade. Coincidentally or not,
Kurt von Schroeder was one of the principal German
advisers assisting this negotiation. A syndicate of 150
firms and individuals was formed as a result, and it was
headed by none other than the Harriman International

On the Side of the Enemy

*As war approached in Europe, Prescott Bush & the
Harrimans continued to happily rake in the profits from
various enterprises that were "in the possession of and
have been operated by the (Nazi) German government and
have undoubtedly been of considerable assistance to that
country in its war effort" (as described in a US Govt.
investigative report).

Bush held at least thirteen other directorships, including
the board of the Simmons Company (later a major financial
contributor to the campaigns of both Bush presidencies),
the Continental Bank & Trust Company of New York, and
United States Guaranty Trust. Why did Prescott Bush & the
Harrimans not stick to those, and divest themselves of
their Nazi connections, disassociate themselves once it
was clear what was really happening in Germany? After all,
even Thyssen himself had finally rejected Hitler.

But no, on the contrary the shameful truth is they went on
during the 1930's as if nothing was changed, and continued
to make money from banking for the Nazis, and from being
closely involved with the companies that were building the
German military might that was to overrun Europe and
threaten to annihilate free Western civilisation.

After Germany invaded Poland, the US Govt. blocked Nazi
payments to the Silesian-American Corporation's US
bondholders. Undeterred, George Herbert Walker tried three
times to arrange subterfuge schemes so the money could
come in through Switzerland. The next year (1940), the
UBC's US assets were frozen, so Prescott Bush & the
Harrimans tended to the Thyssen US affairs allegedly for
nothing, as a gesture to their client. It seems unlikely
that they were not well compensated later, after Thyssen
was freed.

Once US soldiers were dying in a war for which the Thyssen
companies were providing much of the physical means, the
US authorities could no longer stomach what was in effect
treason. After October 20 1942, under the Trading With the
Enemy Ac t, the U.S. Government ordered the seizure of
Nazi German operations in the US. Companies seized that
Prescott Bush was heavily involved with included the Union
Banking Corporation (UBC), Holland-American Trading
Corporation, the Seamless Steel Equipment Corporation &
the Silesian-American Corporation. All property of the
Hamburg-Amerika Line had already been sequestered two
months before.

W. Averell Harriman was also chairman of the Consolidated
Silesian Steel Corporation, an American group owning
one-third of a complex of steel-making, coal-mining and
zinc-mining activities in Germany and Poland, in which one
Friedrich Flick owned two-thirds. Flick, later imprisoned
after the Nuremberg war crimes trials, was with Fritz
Thyssen the major co-owner of the German Steel Trust, and
from 1932 contributed large sums to the Nazi Party. Like
Thyssen, Flick's money helped finance the Nazis private
armies, the black-shirted S.S. (Schutzstaffel) and the
brown-shirted S.A. storm troopers (Sturmabteilung), who
together destroyed German democracy on the streets, paving
the way for Hitler's rise to absolute power.

Prescott Bush concentrated on the Harriman's German
activities, and with his father-in-law George Herbert
Walker directly supervised the Flick-Harriman operations.
Some have claimed that Bush had consciously promoted a
"Hitler Project" as being good for Germany and business,
others that he was just blinded by greed.

There is no proof that Prescott was himself ever a Nazi or
identified with their beliefs - just unassailable evidence
of an amoral banker and businessman happy to make money
out of the Nazis and to assist their foreign financial
dealings in any way possible, as long as there was profit
in it.

As to the charge that Bush and the Harrimans personally
and intentionally worked to bring Hitler to power, because
they thought it would be best for Germany, business and
their own pockets, the minimum we can say is "not proven,
but cannot be excluded, and circumstantial evidence must
cast them under a cloud". Fortunately for Bush and the
Harrimans, their ubiquitous circle of friends and Bonesmen
kept their names out of the official announcements
concerning the seized companies. No charges were ever laid
against them, moreover.

Most Americans today have never heard of the Bush-Harriman
involvement with the Nazis, and to this day the major
media of the USA have generally not investigated these
matters, for reasons their corporate directors seem
reluctant to discuss.

In this context we note that: 
*Prescott Bush was a director of CBS (Columbia
Broadcasting System, the large media network). *E. Roland
Harriman was a director of Newsweek magazine. He also
purchased the New York Daily Herald in 1924 and later made
further media investments. *Barbara Bush (wife of
President Bush Snr.) is the daughter of Marvin Pierce, who
was executive vice-president and later head of the McCall
Corporation magazine publishing group. *Samuel Bush's son
James Bush married Janet Newbold, daughter of the owner of
the Evening Star newspaper of Washington. *The Fox TV
network and News Corp . newspaper empire are controlled by
Rupert Murdoch, an ardent Bush supporter. * Clear Channel
Communications fields 1,200 pro-Bush radio stations across
the USA. *There are many other US media connections
influenced by Bonesmen, and by relatives and friends of
the Bushes, Walkers & Harrimans. So the doubtful
"independence" of the large US media on an issue like this
could only be resolved by its investigatory actions
proving otherwise. So far it has failed the test
miserably. Unless this situation is reversed, the charge
"corrupt and biased" in this area is difficult to refute.

Nor did it end there . After WWII, a further eighteen
additional Brown Brothers Harriman and UBC-related client
assets were seized under The Trading with the Enemy Act.
Some showed a continued relationship with the Thyssen
family after the first 1942 seizures. Worse, after the war
Bush and the Harrimans did further business for related
concerns moving assets into Switzerland, Panama, Argentina
& Brazil. This flight of Nazi capital, especially to Latin
America, was to lead to much corruption there and protect
& assist Nazi holdouts for many years.

How time blurs memories. Today the name Thyssen is more
often remembered in connection with the wonderful art
collections of Fritz's younger brother Baron Thyssen
Bornemisza de Kaszon, and his younger wife the
ultra-glamorous Baroness von Thyssen. And the Bushes
parade themselves as the defenders of civilisation against
totalitarianism, when they made a fortune being exactly
the opposite.

The Legacy

*Many people might believe that Prescott Bush should have
been punished for his misdeeds. Most would say that if the
profits and blood money he gained from dealing for the
Nazis were not confiscated that would be an outrage.

But Prescott Bush got away with it all. He was by now
extremely well-connected in general, plus his Skull and
Bones membership gave him hidden high-placed allies
throughout the decision-making levels of Government. So
not only did he keep all the money he had made from his
Nazi front company dealings, in 1951 Prescott Bush also
received US$750,000 (worth about US$5.3 million in today's
values) for his single share in the UBC bank.

Some of all this money was used to help fund both his son
George Herbert Walker Bush's first business enterprise,
and to support his (Prescott Bush's) own political
campaigns. With his big money connections it was an easy
step for Prescott to become (1947 -1950) Connecticut
Republican finance chairman. He could also easily afford a
first unsuccessful run for the U.S. Senate in 1950,
followed by a triumphant bid in the second of two contests
in 1952. The Bushes were now launched onto the stage of
public power.

The nauseating truth then is that the present US
President's family fortune was largely built on corrupt
arms trading and Nazi profits, which have helped propel
two Bushes to the White House. Worse, the present
President's grandfather's efforts had the effect of
helping put Hitler in power. The family for whom it seems
that "it's all just business" apparently has no qualms
even today about its past*. Which is perhaps not so
surprising when we look at the later dealings of the Bush
dynasty, their Saudi-Bin Laden connections, their
scandalous business activities and their willingness to
start a war which benefited them personally but which has
plunged America into a Vietnam-style maelstrom.

In summary, there is considerably more circumstantial
evidence today to suggest that President Bush's
grandfather helped put Hitler in power than there was ever
genuine evidence in the hands of George W. Bush when he
took America to war in Iraq, claiming a threat of current
and developing weapons of mass destruction. If this
comparison is not instructive to the voters of America,
then we must despair for the future of Western democracy.

And if these same facts do not persuade the US media to
examine the Bush background more closely, then those same
media that followed the war-at-all-costs bandwagon in 2003
without critically examining its credentials have already
weighed themselves in the balance and been found wanting.

*Although President Bush Sr. may have kept a few secretly.
An interesting sidelight in a family in which dynastic
names are carried forward proudly is that George Herbert
Walker Bush and his wife Barbara Bush named their daughter
Dorothy after George's mother, another daughter (Pauline
Robinson) after Barbara's mother, one son after Barbara's
father (Marvin), another son after George's mother's
father & himself (George), a third son (Jeb, actually
John) probably after his brother Jonathan, but omitted his
own father's name entirely.

Instead he called his other son Neil Mallon, after the man
who gave him his first big job. However the name Prescott
has been used again elsewhere in the Bush line, and true
to form it crops up most dishonourably on Presidential
election night 2000 in the amazing Fox News scam of that
evening. (see Part Three).

** On 1 October 2004 the US Air Forces's No.2 weapons
buyer, Darleen Druyun, was sentenced to nine months
imprisonment after admitting to inflating prices on a
Boeing contract and giving Boeing confidential pricing
data from a European rival, in connection with future
employment at the giant aerospace company. The corruption
investigation was pushed by" honest John" Pentagon
watchdog Senator John McCain. However the Bush
administration is refusing to allow Senate Armed Services
Committee investigators access to over 100 emails
connected to Marvin Sambur, the No.1. Air Force weapons
buyer. Meanwhile Air Force Secretary James Roche, a former
vice-president of the huge Northrop Grumman aircraft and
weapons systems conglomerate, and White House official
Robin Cleveland are also under investigation for a
"conflict of interest" ...

To be continued...



"Apocalypse Now and the Brave New World"

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